Mahmud Karimov was born on October 18, 1948 in the city of Iravan.
In 1979, Mahmud Karimov defended a candidate`s dissertation in physics and mathematics; in 1989, he received a doctorate; and in 2000, he got a professor`s degree. In 2001, he was elected a full member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.
Mahmud Karimov made valuable contribution to developing physics in Azerbaijan, and played a crucial role in enriching radiation physics and informatics. He conducted important researches in the field of radioecological and radiation materialism, which have been of great importance in terms of the settlement of scientific and technical problems in the field of nuclear and radiation security. Under him, Radiation Research Unit turned into one of the leading institutions of the Academy of Sciences and a respected scientific body on the international scene.
Mahmud Karimov built close cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency to carry out several important projects involving Azerbaijani scientists. He made his contribution to realizing projects in the field of physics and chemistry of deleterious environmental factors. He was a member of commissions on peaceful use of nuclear energy of CIS countries and Turkic-speaking states.
Mahmud Karimov`s researches made a total of nearly 200 scientific works published both in Azerbaijan and abroad. He received many patents and copyright certificates for his scientific achievements. With his speeches, Mahmud Karimov prominently represented Azerbaijan at a large number of high-profile international symposiums, conferences and forums. He was closely involved in the process of preparing highly-skilled scientific manpower both as a scientific adviser and a member of specialized councils.
From the very first day when he was elected president of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Mahmud Karimov had worked tirelessly to lead the process of organization and management of science in the country. In the years of independence, he played an exceptional part in increasing the role of the National Academy of Sciences in the socio-economic life of Azerbaijan, and expanding the country`s cultural and intellectual resources. Under him, the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences had its structure modernized to international standards, while its financial, technical and human resources were considerably strengthened.
As a result of Mahmud Karimov`s scientific and organizational activities modern Azerbaijani science rapidly integrated into the international scientific infrastructure, and Azerbaijan`s relations with foreign countries significantly broadened. As chairman of the Republican Scientific Research Organization and Coordination Council, he made tremendous contributions to ensuring effective coordination of scientific and research processes at government bodies and higher educational institutions.
Having distinguished himself as an active public figure, Mahmud Karimov always took a highly civic and intelligent approach to socio-cultural events taking place in the country. His activities as chairman of the Board of Directors of the Coordination Council of World Azerbaijanis were commendable too.
Rich scientific and organizational activities of academician Mahmud Karimov were very highly valued as he was honored with Shohrat Order, a high award of the Republic of Azerbaijan, for his role in development of science.
Mahmud Karimov died on February 10, 2013.