Musa Mirza oglu Aliyev was born on April 11, 1908 in the town of Shamakha.
He was elected as a President of the Academy of Sciences in 1950- 1958.
He was elected as an Active Member of the Academy in 1950 and in 1957 he received his Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences degree in 1957.
In 1939-1941 he was a Rector of the Industrial Institute named after M. Azizbeyov (now State Oil Academy).
He was the Head of Department of Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, Deputy Director, Head of Laboratory of Stratigraphic Research in Oil and Gas Provinces at the Institute of Geology and Combustible Fossils Exploration.
He was a well known specialist in the field of Cretaceous Fauna, taxonomy and bio-stratigraphy. He conducted stratigraphic research of oil and gas deposits in Caucasus, Central Asia and Western Siberia. He was also involved research of regional geology and oil bearing potential in Algerian Sahara and Atlas Mountains and Middle East. He was a founder of the Baku scientific school in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy on Age of Reptiles.
He was awarded an Order of Lenin, two Orders of Labour Red Banner, Order of Glory and a number of medals of USSR.
He was a tutor for 40 Doctors and Candidates of Science and was the author to 210 scientific publications, including 15 mongraphs.
Musa Mirza oglu Aliyev died in 1985.