Mirabdulla Miralesker oglu Mirkasimov was born on November 17, 1883 in Baku.
He was elected as the first President of the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences in 1945 and held that post through to 1947.
He graduated from the Medical Faculty of Novorossiyski University in Odessa, Ukraine, in 1913.
He was a founder of the modern medical education and science in Azerbaijan.
He received his Doctor of Medical Sciences degree in 1927 and was awarded professorship in 1929. He was elected as an Active Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic of USSR in 1945. He was one of the founders of the Academy and the Medical University. He was the first Azeri surgeon.
In 1929- 1958 he was a Professor and the Head of Department of Surgery at the Hospital.
His research activity was mainly concentrated on studies of aetiology of urolithiasis, purulent peritonitis, anaesthesiology, traumatology, urology and surgery. He was one of the authors of scientific publications and text books on general surgery written and published in Azeri language.
He was an Honoured Scientist of the Azerbaijan Republic. He was awarded Order of Lenin (the supreme decoration in Former Soviet Union) and had two Orders of Labour Red Banner and a number of other high rank medals of the Former Soviet Union. He was an author of six monographs and text books and fifty scientific publications.
He was a founder of scientific school of medical surgery in Azerbaijan.
Mirabdulla Miralesker oglu Mirkasimov died on July 20, 1958 in Baku.